Accuracy and fairness – Siamese twins?

A Comment on Sarah Summers «Epistemic Ambitions of the Criminal Trial: Truth, Proof and Rights»


  • Thomas Weigend University of Cologne (Germany)


The author agrees with Sarah Summers’ view that a criminal judgment in a system of fair justice should be substantively accurate and at the same time should be the result of a fair process. The author argues, however, for keeping these two requirements apart because they are linked to different goals and may in individual cases conflict with each other.


Duff, A., Farmer, L., Marshall, S., and Tadros, V. (2007). The Trial on Trial (Volume 3: Towards a Normative Theory of the Trial). Hart Publishing. 

Fuller, L.L. (1960). Adjudication in the Rule of Law. Proceedings of the American Society of International Law, 54, p. 1-8.

Hruschka, J. (2000). Die Unschuldsvermutung in der Rechtsphilosophie der Aufklärung. Zeitschrift für die gesamte Strafrechtswissenschaft, 112, p. 285-300.

Lazarus, L. (2012). Positive Obligations and Criminal Justice: Duties To Protect Or Coerce. In L. Zedner and J. V. Roberts (Eds), Principles and Values in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: Essays in Honour of Andrew Ashworth. Oxford University Press. 

Picinali, F. (2013). Two Meanings of Reasonableness: Dispelling the ‘Floating’ Reasonable Doubt. Modern Law Review, 76, p. 845-875. 

Stuckenberg, C.F. (1998). Untersuchungen zur Unschuldsvermutung. De Gruyter.

Summers, S. J. (2023). The Epistemic Ambitions of the Criminal Trial: Truth, Proof, and Rights. Quaestio facti: revista internacional sobre razonamiento probatorio, 4, p. 249-272.

Weigend, Th. (1989). Deliktsopfer und Strafverfahren. Duncker & Humblot.

Weigend, Th. (2014). Assuming that the Defendant is not Guilty: The Presumption of Innocence in the German System of Criminal Justice. Criminal Law and Philosophy, 8, p. 285-299.

Weigend, Th. (2018). Zur Reichweite der Unschuldsvermutung. In U. Stein et al. (eds), Systematik in Strafrechtswissenschaft und Gesetzgebung. Festschrift für Klaus Rogall zum 70. Geburtstag (p. 739-755). Duncker  & Humblot.




Cómo citar

Weigend, T. (2023). Accuracy and fairness – Siamese twins? A Comment on Sarah Summers «Epistemic Ambitions of the Criminal Trial: Truth, Proof and Rights». Quaestio Facti. Revista Internacional Sobre Razonamiento Probatorio, (5), 189–199.